What Does a CEO Mean, How to Become a CEO and How Much Is Their Salary?

What Does a CEO Mean, How to Become a CEO and How Much Is Their Salary?

What Does a CEO Mean, How to Become a CEO and How Much Is Their Salary?

The abbreviation "CEO" is the abbreviation of "Chief Executive Officer" and is translated as "General Manager" in Turkish. The CEO is a company's top executive and sets corporate strategy, oversees business operations, and manages the company's overall performance. They also have other important responsibilities, such as handling relationships with investors, customers, and employees.

A CEO is the top executive of an organization or company. It is responsible for implementing the current plans and policies in the company or organization, ensuring the successful management of the business and determining the future strategy.

The CEO is ultimately responsible for the success or failure of the organization. Therefore, the CEO oversees various functions of the organization such as compliance, finance, human resources, legal, marketing, operations, sales and technology. The CEO oversees all these functions, taking into account the needs of different stakeholders, including employees, customers, and investors.

The title of CEO is a current position in all large for-profit organizations. Some nonprofits also prefer their most senior to hold the title of CEO. By law, companies must have CEOs, other chief officers, and boards of directors. The CEO is elected by the board of directors and shareholders. They report to the chairman and board of directors appointed by the shareholders.

Ceo's Responsibilities and Roles

The responsibilities and roles of the CEO can vary according to the characteristics and size of the company, but generally include:

  • Corporate strategy development: The CEO determines the company's long-term goals and develops strategies to achieve these goals.
  • Management team leadership: The CEO manages the management team and ensures that all departments work in harmony with each other.
  • Supervision of business operations: The CEO oversees business operations and takes the necessary steps to increase the operational efficiency of the company.
  • Financial management: The CEO monitors the company's financial performance and makes decisions on issues such as budget management, investment decisions, and financial risk management.
  • Investor relations: The CEO communicates with investors, informing them about the company's performance and gaining their trust.
  • Employee relations: The CEO defines the company culture and develops strategies to increase employee motivation.
  • Public relations: The CEO works to protect the company's image and develop public relations strategies.

These responsibilities and roles show that the CEO plays an important role in the success of the company.

While the core responsibilities of a CEO are often the same from one organization to the next, the exact role of a CEO can vary depending on a number of factors, including the size of the company and whether it's a public company or privately located. A CEO in a small family business typically performs more day-to-day operations and management tasks than the CEO of a large company. In large companies, CEOs are usually only concerned with very high-level strategic decisions and issues that will drive the overall growth of the company.

For example, CEOs can work on strategy, organization, and culture. Specifically, they might look at how capital is allocated across the company or how to build teams to be successful.

A study from the Harvard Business Review analyzed how CEOs spend their time.

It turns out that 72% of CEOs' time is spent in meetings. They used the remaining time for human resources, business unit review, and functional reviews. In addition, it was observed that a small amount of overtime was spent on culture and organizational structure.

CEO's Salaries and Bad Fame

CEOs' salaries can vary depending on the size and industry of companies. Some CEOs earn higher salaries, while others may work for lower salaries. CEO salaries can also increase or decrease, often depending on the company's performance and success.

However, in recent years, the high salaries and bonuses of some CEOs have caused criticism among the public. This is especially the case when companies are performing poorly or workers' salaries are low.

However, CEOs' notoriety is not just due to their high salaries. Some CEOs may become notorious for being involved in scandals, engaging in unethical behavior, or causing their companies to harm the environment.

As a result, the controversy over CEOs' salaries and their notoriety are important issues that reflect the general view of not only companies but society as well.

On average, CEOs of the top 350 companies in the US earned an AVERAGE $24 million annually. To put it another way, that's 351 times a worker's salary. Since the 1970s, CEO pay is estimated to have increased by over 1,300%.

Because of their frequent contacts with the public, sometimes CEOs of large corporations gain fame. Elon Musk, the founder of Tesla (TSLA), has more than 70 million followers on Twitter. Similarly, Steve Jobs, the founder and CEO of Apple (AAPL), became a world-famous figure with documentaries and films about him after his death in 2011.

The Role of the CEO in Recruitment and Retention

The CEO is also responsible for hiring the leaders who make up the executive team; The CEO is equally responsible for firing those who do not meet the standards set by him. These other chief officers are tasked with advising the CEO on functional areas; chief financial officer (CFO); finance, marketing manager (CMO) marketing etc. advises on matters. These managers help the CEO formulate strategy and implement the policies and guidelines the CEO sets. In turn, these managers are responsible for managing their functional areas on behalf of the CEO.

The CEO is also responsible for determining the culture of the organization by helping to identify the attitudes, behaviors and values that the organization wants its employees to display, and then modeling these stances so that other leaders and the HR department support them.

An organization's board of directors typically hires the CEO. After the CEO takes office, he regularly monitors his performance; If he is not satisfied with the process, he can fire the CEO.

Impact of a CEO Change

During CEO transitions, markets can respond positively or negatively to a change in company leadership. This naturally makes sense, as studies show that CEOs can have a huge impact on a company's performance.

For example, one study found that 45% of company performance is influenced by the CEO.

When a new CEO takes over a company, the price of the stock can change for a variety of reasons. However, there is no positive correlation between the performance of a stock and the announcement of a new CEO.

However, a change in CEO often carries downside risk to the markets. Especially if this is not a previously planned change; the risk in this direction increases.

Skills for CEOs

The main task of today's CEOs is not just to make strategic business decisions. CEOs serve as the face of the brand. CEOs usually have a bachelor's degree and may have an advanced business course or a master's in business administration, but this varies by industry and experience. The CEO of an education company may even need a PhD. If a CEO founded his company, he may lack traditional degrees. But education is often as valuable as experience. That's why CEOs who start their businesses are often advantageous in terms of experience.

CEOs need a strong mix of hard and soft skills.

For example, they need to understand budgeting and foresight, as well as keep an eye on innovation and potential markets. But they also need to understand how to lead and motivate people and the importance of company culture to today's workforce.

The skills required for a CEO are:

Communication and Interpersonal Skills

CEOs talk to a variety of people at many different events. Naturally, they need an inspiring communication skill with people in many different frames and positions.

To decide

Even if the CEO does not directly implement parts of the strategic plan, he is responsible for the direction and revenue of the company. The decisions they make will affect their direction and income streams. They must be comfortable making big decisions that will affect the entire company.

Independence and Leadership

A strong CEO listens to his employees and takes information from his subordinates. However, after doing all these, he acts independently and leads them. Leading a company sometimes means making unpopular decisions and taking tough actions. A CEO should generally consider the growth of the whole versus the individual's emotions.


A CEO must be able to think creatively to see growth opportunities and innovation avenues. Chief executives are hired for their ability to lead change and development with changing markets. This of course naturally requires a creative vision.

Problem solving

A CEO works beyond the "how-to" question. They are tasked with solving large-scale problems and challenges for the company. For this, CEOs need serious skills in problem solving.

Education, Training and Certifications

CEOs usually have a bachelor's or master's degree in business administration or serious training in a field related to their industry. Some CEO positions require candidates to hold a master's degree or even a doctorate, depending on the industry (e.g. education).

Some CEOs are certified by industry or professional bodies, such as the Certified Professional Executives Institute. Others must be licensed in their field of study.

CEOs may also receive vocational training to develop specific skills, such as ethics, or to better understand their industry.

Working Environment of CEOs

Chief executives can find employment in virtually any industry and company of any size. They usually work in offices and may work long hours, including evenings and weekends. Many CEOs travel between company branches and locations to attend conferences and meet with investors or customers. They often work closely with other company executives as well.

How to Become a CEO?

Most CEOs become senior managers after moving from junior to management positions.

It takes many paths to become a CEO. These can be listed as follows:


Most CEOs are college educated and have at least a bachelor's degree. In addition to subjects such as business, engineering, economics or law, courses that will develop management and leadership skills can also be taken.


The majority of CEOs have previously worked in companies, gaining business experience. For this reason, it is important to make a good career planning, gain experience in different sectors and improve oneself.

Management Skills

CEOs often need to have leadership, strategic thinking, problem-solving and communication skills, as well as financial management and marketing skills.


To be successful in business, it is important to establish relationships with other business people and to have a wide network. This will be useful for meeting people from different sectors and gaining access to potential job opportunities.


Many CEOs have achieved this position after starting their own businesses or succeeding as entrepreneurs. Therefore, entrepreneurial skills are also important.

In general, it requires a combination of factors such as education, experience, management skills, networking and entrepreneurship to become a CEO. Patience, passion and hard work are also essential to being a successful CEO.


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